Legal information

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS

 

1. Unless mutually agreed written alternative conditions apply, the legally binding relationship between the contracting parties is governed by the following general terms and conditions, which the co-contracting party declares to have taken note of and accepted.  The following general terms and conditions prevail at all times over any individual terms and conditions of the co-contracting party.

2. All our transport operations by road are in accordance with the stipulations of the CMR.

All our expediting operations are subject to the Belgian Freight Forwarding Standard Trading Conditions, dated 24 June 2005.  

All our logistic operations are subject to the General Conditions for Goods Treatment and the Related Activities in the Port of Antwerp, dated 26 March 2009.

In the event of a contradiction arising between the general terms and conditions and the Belgian Freight Forwarding Standard Trading Conditions, dated 24 June 2005 and/or the General Conditions for Goods Treatment and the Related Activities in the Port of Antwerp, dated 26 March 2009, then the most advantageous conditions for us will prevail.

3. Without exception all invoices are to be paid in full and in cash at our head office (Belgium).
In the event of non-payment of the invoice by the due date, additional charges will be incurred as follows: a mandatory interest of 12% per annum and a compensation charge of 15% of the value of the invoice, with a minimum of Euros 250,00.


Non-payment of the invoice by the due date or any other fact which may indicate the insolvency of the co-contracting party, will result in the immediate exigency of all amounts due, including non expired payments. This also permits us to suspend and/or annul all current agreements without proof of default and without the right of the co-contracting party to claim for damages. Any existing advances / payments will count towards any possible future claims for damage by us.

4. As security, in the event of it being necessary to pursue all claims against the co-contracting party, we retain the rights of distraint and detention, which the co-contracting party entrusts to us, regardless of whether or not these claims are also related to the goods in question. All goods and invoices are considered as being part of one and the same agreement, which is indivisible. In this respect the co-contracting party guarantees to have the right to dispose of these goods. In the event of no rights existing, it is necessary to obtain prior agreement in writing before disposing of these goods.

5. All disputes of any nature between the contracting parties pertaining to the afore mentioned terms and conditions shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Antwerp (Belgium).

All transactions are subject to Belgian law only. 

GENERAL LOGISTICS CONDITIONS
 
1 DEFINITIONS
 
Hereinafter the following conditions shall mean: 
 
1.1 G.L. Conditions: General Logistics Conditions.
 
1.2. CC: Civil Code.
 
1.3. KVBG: ABAS-KVBG-conditions for the handling of goods and related activities in the Port of Antwerp. 
 
1.4. CEB: General Conditions of the Belgian forwarding agents.   
 
1.5. Logistics Service Agreement:  the agreement whereby the logistics service provider binds himself towards the Principal to perform the logistics services.
 
1.6. Logistics Service: all agreed services of any nature whatsoever related to the handling and distribution of goods, including but not restricted to collection, purchase, storage, stock management, order handling, preparing for shipment, invoicing, regarding the goods as well as the related data exchange and its management, customs’ orders, fiscal representation. 
 
1.7. Additional activities: activities ordered after the original agreement for logistics services had been entered into. 
 
1.8. Consignee: the party to whom the provider of logistics services must deliver goods under the conditions of this agreement.
 
1.9. Principal: the party that has entered into an agreement with the logistics provider.
 
1.10. Reception: the time at which the logistics provider has accepted the goods.
 
1.11. Delivery: the time at which the consignee has accepted the goods. 
 
1.12. Force majeure: All circumstances beyond the control of the logistics provider or that he does not have to have under control and which humanly-speaking make it practically impossible to meet his obligations.
 
1.13. Working days: all calendar days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, as well as all recognised legal holidays in Belgium.
 
 
2 SCOPE 
 
2.1. The L.S. Conditions are applicable unless explicitly agreed otherwise in writing, to the logistics service conditions and the additional activities; in so far they are not in conflict with imperative law and public order.
 
2.2. All transports carried out within the framework of this Logistics Service Agreement are subject to the provisions of the international treaties and imperative legislation applicable to the related transport (CMR, added with the General Conditions for Carriage by Road as these are mentioned on the reverse side of the CMR-Way Bill forms and in so far they are Belgian Way Bill forms and in so far they are not in conflict with the strictly binding statutory provisions, CIM, …). 
 
2.3. All forwarding, customs, VAT assignments carried out within the framework of this Logistics Service Agreement are governed by the provisions of the CEB-Conditions and each assignment for fiscal representation is subject to the standard CEB-contract.
 
2.4. The provisions of the KVBG-conditions govern all stevedoring activities carried out within the framework of a maritime transport carried out within the framework of these Logistics Service Conditions.
 
 
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 3 OBLIGATIONS OF THE LOGISTICS PROVIDER 
 
The logistics provider must:
 
3.1. Perform logistics services and if required additional activities agreed with the Principal.
 
3.2. Take reception of the agreed goods at the agreed place, time and in the agreed way, accompanied by a transport document and accept the other documents that may have been given by the Principal and to deliver them in the same condition as the one in which they have accepted them, or in the agreed condition.
 
If there is no agreed time of accepting delivery or delivery these agreed activities must take place within the time which a  logistics provider reasonably needs, counting from the time the accepting of delivery or the delivery is requested. This time is then deemed to be the agreed time.
 
On reception of the goods, note any necessary reservations on the transport document and inform the Principal about this so that he can take the necessary measures.
 
3.3.  Designate one or more contacts and report this to the Principal.
 
3.4. If the logistics provider fails to designate one or more contacts as referred to  under Article 3 paragraph 3, the person who has signed the agreement for logistics services on behalf of the logistics provider shall be deemed to be the contact.
 
3.5.  See to it that the storage and handling of the goods is done in an appropriate environment, including the necessary licences, as the case may be. Any change in agreed location shall have to be approved by the Principal.   3.6. Behave like a diligent administrator regarding the goods and should this be necessary for the preservation of the goods to take all measures at the expense of the Principal, including those that do not result directly from the provision of logistics services.
 
3.7. Insure its liability as it results from the L.S. Conditions with an approved insurance
company, according to the Supervisory Act of Insurances of 9 July 1975.
 
3.8.  Insure the goods with waiver of recourse against the logistics provider for the benefit and at the expense of the Principal, at the explicit written request of the Principal stating the requested cover, with an approved insurance company and to deliver an insurance certificate to the Principal signed by the underwriter or his agent
 
3.9. Allow only the presence of the Principal or of the persons designated by him to the areas and premises where the goods are located but exclusively at their own risk and exclusively during normal working hours, however, provided that this: • Takes place in the presence of the logistics provider; • Was communicated and approved in advance; • Takes place in accordance with the logistics provider’s internal rules and regulations 
 
3.10.  See to the proper functioning of the equipment he uses to perform the contract for the provision of logistics services. 
 
3.11. Maintain confidentiality towards third parties regarding facts and data it became informed of on the basis of the logistics service agreement. 
 
 
4 LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION OF THE LOGISTICS PROVIDER 
 
4.1. If goods accepted by the logistics provider are delivered in their packaging, if any, in the same condition or in the agreed condition to the Principal and/or consignee, the logistics provider, except in case of force majeure and the further provisions in the present conditions, shall be liable for the related damage and/or loss. The Principal has the burden of proof that the damage and/or the loss occurred between the time of reception and the time of delivery as stipulated in these Conditions.
 
4.2. The logistics provider is not liable for damage to / loss of the goods, in so far that damage/loss is the result of the special risks related to storage in the open air, as per the instructions of the Principal.   4.3. The liability of the logistics provider for the property damage/loss referred to under paragraph 1 is limited to 8.33 special
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 drawing rights (S.D.R.) per kilogram of lost or damaged goods with the absolute maximum of an amount to be further agreed between the parties at the time of entering into the logistics service agreement. If such an amount has not been agreed, a maximum amount of 25,000 € will apply per occurrence or series of occurrences having one and the same cause of damage.   4.4. If the logistics provider does not perform the provision of logistics services and/or additional activities at or within the agreed time, in the agreed way and at the agreed place, he shall be held, without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1 of the present article, to perform these activities as soon as possible without additional costs for the Principal, in the agreed way. If the Principal has furthermore incurred expenses in relation with the fact that the logistics services provider did not perform the logistics services and/or the additional activities in the agreed manner, time and place the logistics service provider liable is to pay these costs up to an amount to be agreed at the time of the entering into the logistics service agreement. If such an amount was not agreed, the liability of the logistics provider for these costs shall be 750 EUR maximum per occurrence.
 
4.5. The logistics provider is not liable for damages as a result of information and instructions provided by or to other persons than those referred to under Article 3.3.
 
4.6. If the logistics provider repeatedly fails to comply with the substantial obligations, the Principal can, without prejudice to the right to compensation for damages as described in paragraphs 1.2.3. and 4 of this article, terminate the logistics service agreement after having given formal notice to the logistics provider in writing for a period of 30 days and that the logistics provider still has not met his obligations upon expiry of this period.  Towards the compensation of the damage resulting from this termination the logistics provider shall at the most owe a sum to be fixed at the beginning of the logistics service agreement. 
 
4.7. Besides the liability laid down in this article the logistics provider is not liable for any damage except to the goods themselves, unless the damage was caused intentionally. 
 
4.8. Any damage/loss and/or difference in stock shall be evaluated once per year. If there is a positive difference no compensation for damages will be claimed. In case of a negative difference no compensation for damages will be paid if the difference is less than 0.05% of the total annual volume that was handled. If there is a rate based on the number of pieces, the 0,05% shall also be applied to the number of pieces. If a rate was agreed based on weight the 0,05% shall be applied to the weight handled. If 0,05% is nevertheless exceeded the logistics provider shall pay a compensation for damages to the Principal equal to the actual value of the lost/damaged product beyond 0,05%.
 
4.9. The logistics provider may proceed to sell the goods without awaiting the instructions of the cargo interest if the perishable nature or condition of the goods justifies this or if the costs of preservation are out of proportion compared to the value of the goods. The value of the goods is the cost of production or failing this, the current market price or failing that, the usual value of goods of the same nature and quality. He can also proceed to sell if the Principal surrenders the goods.   In the other cases he can also order to sell if he has received no other instructions from the cargo interest within a reasonable period, of which the service can reasonably be demanded. If the goods are sold in compliance with the present article, the proceeds of the sale shall be made available to the cargo interest deducting the costs burdening the goods. If these costs are higher than the proceeds of the sale the provider of logistics services will be entitled to the difference. The law and the current practice of the place where the goods are located shall fix the procedure in case of sale. In any case, in the event of perishable goods or goods of which the cost of preservation are out of proportion with the value of the goods a simple communication will be addressed to the cargo interests. If the latter fail to respond to this immediately the sale may proceed. In case of non-perishable goods, a simple communication of sale will be addressed to the cargo interests. If the latter fail to respond to this within a period of 15 days the sale may take place.
 
 
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 5 OBLIGATIONS OF THE PRINCIPAL 
 
The Principal must: 
 
5.1. Designate one or more contacts and communicate these to the logistics provider.
 
5.2. If the Principal fails to designate one or more contacts as referred to in this article of the present conditions, the party that has signed the logistics service agreement on behalf of the Principal shall be deemed to be the contact.   5.3. Provide in due time all information to the logistics provider concerning the goods and their handling. For the dangerous goods the Principal is held to provide or communicate all documents and instructions as indicated in the conventions and prescriptions in this respect such as ADR, ADNR, IDMG,… to the logistics provider.
 
The Principal is liable for all the charges and damages the logistics provider would sustain as a result of the inaccuracy or the deficiency of the above-mentioned data or documents.
 
He is also liable for any damage to the environment, damage or any harm the logistics provider would sustain as a result of insufficient information concerning the nature of the goods.
 
5.4.  Inform the logistics provider about the necessary licences to perform his activities. 
 
5.5. Place the agreed goods at the agreed place, time, and manner, together with a transport document and the documents required by law, at the disposal of the logistics provider.
 
5.6. Besides the agreed price of the provision of logistics services, to pay the expenses incurred by the logistics provider with respect to the additional activities, including the costs, as referred to under Article 3 par. 6, within the fixed period of payment.    5.7. Hold harmless the logistics provider against any claims of third parties regarding damages caused direct or indirect by the goods, by an act or negligence of the Principal, his subordinates, as well as all other persons whose services the Principal uses.
 
5.8. Guarantee for the equipment made available by him to the logistics provider.
 
5.9. At the end of the logistic service agreement receipt the goods that are still at the premises of the logistics provider on the last working day of that agreement after payment of all that was due or will become due. For whatever may be due after the completion of the logistics service agreement it will suffice for the Principal to provide sufficient security.
 
5.10. Maintain confidentiality towards third parties with regard to the facts and data known to him on the basis of the logistics service agreement.
 
5.11. To accept every adjustment of rates regarding the incurrence of expenses and/or the payment of costs (including new taxes) that are unknown at the time this agreement was signed and which the Principal would also have to pay if the Principal were to perform the activities mentioned in this agreement for his own account. 
 
5.12.  Pay the costs of removal and recycling of packaging and waste that result from the provision of services at cost price.
 
 
6 LIABILITY OF THE PRINCIPAL 
 
6.1. The Principal is liable for any damage and costs caused by persons and/or goods the logistics provider had to allow to his premises and or inside his facilities on behalf of the Principal in accordance with Article 3 par. 9 of these conditions.
 
6.2.  The Principal is not liable for the damage resulting from information and instructions supplied by or to other persons than those referred to under Article 5.1.
 
6.3.  If the Principal fails to communicate the information and documents as referred to under Article 5 par. 3 of these conditions in due time, or fails to make available the agreed goods at the agreed time or within the agreed period of time, manner and place, accompanied by the required documents as intended under Article 5 par. 5 of these conditions, he must perform these activities as soon as possible, free of charge and in the agreed manner for the logistics provider.  If the logistics provider has in addition incurred costs in relation with the fact that the Principal has failed to meet his
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 obligations as referred to under Article 5 par. 3 and 5 of these conditions, the Principal is liable for these costs up to a maximum of 30,000 EUR per occurrence.
 
6.4. If the Principal repeatedly fails to meet his obligations the logistics provider can, without prejudice to compensation of damages, terminate the logistics service agreement, after he has allowed the logistics provider in writing a reasonable last deadline and the Principal still has not met his obligations at the expiry of it.  Towards the compensation of the damage resulting from this cancellation the Principal shall at the most have to pay a sum to be agreed at the time of entering into the logistics service agreement.
 
6.5. Unless explicitly and in writing agreed to the contrary in compliance with Article 3 par. 7 of the present conditions the Principal shall insure the goods among others against fire, lightning, explosion, crashing of airplanes, storm damage, water damage, floods and burglary including waiver of recourse by the insurers with regard to the logistics provider and all other third parties.
 
 In any case he will also be liable for the collection and handling of the goods damaged by fire and/or floods. The access to the areas is described in Article 3.9. Moreover he will pay all costs caused by the collection and handling of the goods damaged by fire and/or floods as well as all costs whatsoever resulting from this. Such as the costs of cleaning and sanitation of the land and of the facilities and all the above without prejudice to what is mentioned under Article 6 par. 1.
 
 
7 PRESCRIPTION   7.1. All claims to which the service agreement gives rise including those that are the result of a Cash On Delivery-clause, shall expire after a period of one year as of the day following the one on which the Principal is informed of the fact or the occurrence that gives rise to the claim.
 
 
8 CONDITIONS OF PAYMENT
 
8.1. All amounts due by the logistics provider and the Principal shall be paid taking into account the agreed due date or in absence of  this within two weeks after the date of invoice.
 
8.2. If the invoice is not paid on the due date the outstanding amount shall produce an interest by law and without formal notice at a rate fixed by the European Central Bank, fixed by the Act of 2 August 2002 implementing the European Directive 2000/35/CE of 29 June 2000, plus seven percent and rounded upwards to half a percent.
 
8.3. If the debtor fails to comply within a period of fifteen days after having sent a registered letter by mail, the amount outstanding shall moreover be increased with 10% with a minimum of 125 EUR and a maximum of 4,000 EUR as a lump sum compensation for additional administrative costs, supervision of accounts outstanding and disturbance of commercial activities. 
 
8.4. Except in the situations prescribed by Article 1289 and following of the Civil Code invoking the right of set off the payment of claims resulting from the logistics service agreement, of the amounts due on other grounds regarding the logistics service agreement or of other charges burdening the goods, with claims due on other grounds is not allowed
 
8.5. In the event of faulty service or in case the Principal or the logistics provider stops his activities, all sums as referred to under Paragraph 1 of this article ‘fall immediately due and with the exception of bankruptcy, as the case may be also liable to compensation’ if:
 
• the Principal or the logistics provider are granted suspension of payment;
 
• the Principal or the logistics provider:
 
o submits an agreement to their creditors; o fundamentally fails to meet his obligations; o terminates the logistics service agreement o stops to carry on his business, or – in the event of a legal person or company – if it is wound up.
 
 
9 GUARANTEES
 
9.1. Against anyone who requests delivery thereof, the logistics provider holds a right of retention in respect of the goods and
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 documents he holds in regard with the logistics service.  However, he is not entitled to this right with respect to a third party if at the time he received the goods to provide the logistic service, he had reasons to doubt the capacity of the Principal with respect to that third party to place the goods at the disposal of the logistics service.
 
9.2. The logistics provider can only exercise the right of retention against the Principal or the consignee for what is or will be due to him for the logistics service. He can also exercise this right on the Cash On Deliveryfee burdening the goods.
 
9.3. The logistics provider can also exercise the right of retention granted under paragraph 2 of this article for what is due to him by the Principal in relation with the above agreements for logistics service.
 
9.4. The logistics provider can also exercise the right of retention for a commission fee he is entitled to in relation with a Cash On Delivery shipment, for which he does not need to accept a guarantee.
 
9.5. If at the time of the settlement there is a dispute about the sum due or that for its determination a calculation is necessary that does not have to be carried out urgently, the Principal who demands delivery is held to immediately pay the part on which the parties agree that they are due and to extend a guarantee for the payment of the part that is disputed by him or the part of which the amount is not yet fixed.
 
9.6. All goods, documents and monies the logistics provider holds for the logistics service agreement, shall constitute a pledge for all claims he has with respect to the Principal.
 
9.7. If the Principal fails to pay the sums he owes to the logistics provider and for which the logistics provider holds a right of retention and/or a right of pledge on the basis of the above paragraphs, the logistics provider shall have the right, after having obtained the approval of the judge, to sell the goods stored at his premises at the expense of the Principal and to pay all the sums due with regard to the goods, all the above in compliance with the Act of 5 May 1872.
 
9.8. When requested the logistics provider can also replace the pledge by an equivalent guarantee to be assessed exclusively by him.
 
 
10 GOVERNING LAW / JURISDICTION
 
10.1. Belgian Law shall govern all agreements to which the General Logistics Conditions are applicable.
 
10.2. All disputes related to the validity, interpretation or service of the agreement on which the General Logistics Conditions are applicable, shall fall within the jurisdiction of the Courts that are territorially competent for the Registered Office of the logistics provider except if there is an explicit agreement between the Principal and the logistics provider which stipulates that the disputes will be referred to arbitration.
 
 
11 MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS   11.1. The non-applicability of one or several provisions of these conditions shall not affect the applicability of the other provisions. Both parties will immediately take the action necessary to replace the provision concerned by a valid provision which approximates the original intention of both parties as closely as possible. 
 
11.2. The fact that one of the parties would fail to react against the non-compliance of the contractual stipulations by the other party can never be considered by the other party to be a permanent waiver of the stipulation(s) under consideration.
 
 
12 REGISTRATION
 
12.1. The present conditions, drawn up by BELOTRA/Logistics Cell of FEBETRA and the Royal Federation of Managers of Flows of Goods have been registered with the Clerk of the Court’s Office of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the 27th of November 2003.
 
13 COMING INTO EFFECT
 
The present General Logistics Conditions shall come into effect as of the 27th of November 2003.
 

 

BELGIAN FREIGHT FORWARDERS
STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS


Defifinition and Scope of the Contract
Article 1
Unless otherwise agreed these Conditions shall be applicable to any form of service provided by the
Freight Forwarder.
They may be quoted as “Belgian Forwarding Conditions”. They represent a recognized custom of the trade.
Article 2
In these Conditions:
- Customer: is the Freight Forwarder’s Principal at the instructions of whom and on behalf of whom the Freight Forwarder provides
services, information or advice, whether gratuitous or for reward.
- Freight Forwarder: is a CEB member or each Freight Forwarder conducting business under these Conditions.
- service: is any instruction to forward goods offered, accepted for performance, or performed by the Freight Forwarder, and any
related act, any information or advice in respect thereof.
- goods: are all and any goods including their packaging, entrusted to the Freight Forwarder by the Customer. Such goods include
all and any merchandise as well as all and any titles or documents that represent or may represent such goods.
- owner: is the owner of the goods to which the service provided by the Freight Forwarder pertains.
- third parties: are any non-contracting parties, in particular any natural or legal persons whom the Freight Forwarder deals with in
the performance of his duties.
Article 3
Where the performance of services is concerned, a distinction is made between the Freight Forwarder who acts:
1) as a forwarding agent under Belgian law (commissionnaire –- expéditeur): his duties consist of, inter alia, forwarding goods either
in his own name or in his Principal’s name, but always on the latter’s behalf, and pursuant thereto in providing all and any such
services as may be necessary in respect thereof, performing all and any required formalities and concluding any such agreements as
are necessary for such purpose
2) as a principal under Belgian law (commissionnaire de transport): in the following cases only, and in no other cases, the Freight
Forwarder shall be regarded as a principal:
a) when he performs the carriage of goods in his own name and by his own means of transport,
b) when he issues a transport document in his own name,
c) when the instructions explicitly show that the Freight Forwarder assumes such obligation.
Article 4
These Conditions do not imply any waiver of any right by the Freight Forwarder and they cannot give rise to a more extensive liability
than that to which he would be subject pursuant to any legislation or regulation applicable in addition to these Conditions.
Article 5
The Customer warrants that the goods entrusted by him to the Freight Forwarder under his instructions are his property or that as an
authorized agent of the owner he has the right of control of such goods, and that consequently he accepts these Conditions not only for
himself but also for and on behalf of his Principal and for and on behalf of the owner.
Formation and Performance of the Contract
Article 6
Unless otherwise agreed, or unless an event constituting force majeure arises beyond the Freight Forwarder’s control, an offer made by
the Freight Forwarder shall be valid for 8 days.
Such an offer shall be based upon existing rates, remunerations, freight charges, currency rates and estimated dates, which are in force
at the time when the offer is communicated to the Customer.
Should one or more of these elements be varied, the prices offered shall be adapted accordingly and retroactively.
The Freight Forwarder shall at all times be entitled to charge to the customer all and any amounts charged to him by third parties as a
result of improperly calculated freights, costs and rates.
Article 7
The Customer shall undertake to supply to the Freight Forwarder, in advance and not later than at the time of confirmation of the
order, any useful information including, but not limited to, the nature of the goods, the method of shipment, the place of taking over
and delivery, and the required route and procedure, and in particular any information which the Principal may be presumed to have at
his disposal as manufacturer, merchant, owner or consignor of the goods, and which may ensure their preservation, shipment, taking
over at the place of departure and delivery at the place of destination.
Article 8
The Freight Forwarder shall not be presumed to examine the correctness of the particulars or the information given by the Customer or
the authenticity or regularity of the documents furnished by the Customer. Such information shall be accepted in good faith.
Article 9
In the absence of precise instructions to the contrary or special agreements, the Freight Forwarder shall be at liberty in his choice of
means to be used to organise and perform the services to the best of his abilities according to normal business practice, including the
groupage of goods.
Article 10
The Freight Forwarder shall be entitled to charge any amounts or fees for his expenses and interventions on a fi xed basis, i.e. as a lump
sum or an inclusive price.
Article 11
In the performance of his duties, the Freight Forwarder may employ third parties, servants and agents who show normal professional
qualifications.
Article 12
Unless instructed to the contrary, the Freight Forwarder shall be entitled to keep possession, control or custody of any goods that for
some reason could not be delivered, or to take custody of them, and to store the goods at the Principal’s cost and risk or at the expense
and risk of the goods themselves.
In accordance with the provisions of the Act of 5 May 1872, the Freight Forwarder may sell the goods and apply the proceeds in or
towards the payment of his claims.
In the case of dangerous, perishable, flammable, explosive goods or goods that may otherwise cause damage to persons, animals or
property, subject to prior notification in writing to the Customer and subject to accountability the Freight Forwarder may destroy,
remove or sell the goods on the Customer’s behalf and at the Customer’s risk.
Article 13
The Freight Forwarder shall be entitled to suspend the performance of his duties if the Customer fails to fulfil or insufficiently fulfils
his obligations in any way.
In the event of force majeure, the Contract shall remain in force. The Freight Forwarder’s duties shall, however, be suspended for the
duration of the event constituting force majeure.
In case of specific duties, or activities that are uncommon, particularly time-consuming or that require specific effort, additional fees
may be charged at any time. All additional costs caused by force majeure shall also be borne by the Principal.
Article 14
Unless otherwise and previously agreed in writing, the Freight Forwarder shall not be under a duty to guard the goods to be forwarded,
nor to have them guarded, nor to have them insured, wherever they are, even out in the open.
Payment
Article 15
The amounts or fees charged shall be payable in cash at the Freight Forwarder’s registered offi ce, within eight days from the date of
the
invoice.
Any loss resulting from exchange rate fluctuations is for the Customer’s account. Payments not allocated by the Customer himself to the
payment of a specific debt, may be applied at the Freight Forwarder’s choice to the payment of any amount owed by the Customer.
Article 16
Any protest against the invoicing or any services and amounts charged must have been received by the Freight Forwarder in writing
within 14 days from the date of invoice.
Article 17
The Customer waives any right to rely on any circumstance which might entitle him to suspend payment in whole or in part and waives
any right to set-off or counterclaim with regard to all amounts charged to him by the Freight Forwarder.
Article 18
The Freight Forwarder shall not be required to provide security for the payment of freight, duties, levies and taxes or any liabilities
whatsoever, should this be required by third parties. Where the Freight Forwarder has provided security, the Customer is under a duty,
at the Freight Forwarder’s first request in writing, to pay to the Freight Forwarder, by way of security, any amount for which the Freight
Forwarder has provided security to third parties, ,.
Article 19
Any debt not paid on its due date shall, without any prior notice, be increased with compensatory interests calculated at the statutory
interest rate and increased by liquidated damages equal to 10 % of the debt, so as to cover any economic and administrative loss, without
prejudice to the Freight Forwarder’s right to prove the existence of more extensive damage.
Customer’s Duties and Liability
Article 20
The Customer shall undertake and accept liability for the following:
• that his instructions and his description of the goods are complete, correct and accurate;
• that the goods to be entrusted by him to the Freight Forwarder shall be made available in time, completely and in a useful way, that
they are loaded, stowed, packed and marked in accordance with the nature of the goods, the place of receipt or destination, and for
the purposes for which they are entrusted to the Freight Forwarder;
• that all documents submitted to the Freight Forwarder by the Customer are complete, correct, valid, authentic and not improperly
prepared or used;
• that, unless the Freight Forwarder has been informed thereof previously and in writing, the goods entrusted to him are not of a
dangerous, perishable, flammable or explosive nature or liable to otherwise cause damage to third parties, persons or property;
• that he will examine all documents submitted by the Freight Forwarder upon receipt and that he will verify whether they are in
accordance to the instructions given to the Freight Forwarder.
Article 21
The Customer shall be liable to the Freight Forwarder and he shall indemnify him at his first request:
• against any damage and/or loss resulting from the nature and the packaging of the goods, the incorrectness, inaccuracy or
incompleteness of instructions and information, the non-delivery or untimely delivery of the goods to the Freight Forwarder at the
agreed time and place of receipt, the failure to provide, or timely provide, documents and/or instructions, and the fault or negligence
in general of the Customer and of the third parties employed by him;
• against any damage and/or loss, costs and expenditure which is claimed from the Freight Forwarder by authorities, third parties
or servants and agents, for whatever reason, with regard to the goods, any damage, expenditure, costs, duties, claimed directly or
indirectly as a result of the service provided on the instructions of the Customer, unless the Customer shows that such claim was
directly caused by a fault or negligent act or omission for which only the Freight Forwarder is liable;
• against any damage and/or loss, costs and expenditure which is claimed from the Freight Forwarder in cases where, under Community
or national laws and regulations, he is under any personal and/or joint and several liability for the payment or settlement of customs
duties and/or other taxes.
Article 22
If the claim for which the Freight Forwarder requires compensation or indemnity from the Customer pertains to a customs or other
tax claim, and if it is based on instructions with regard to customs received from the Customer or on his behalf, the Customer shall
undertake, at the Freight Forwarder’s request, to provide a financial guarantee to unconditionally warrant the Customer’s liability
towards the Freight Forwarder, to the benefit of the Freight Forwarder or to the benefit of a third party designated by the Freight
Forwarder.
Freight Forwarder’s Duties and Liability
1) Provisions common to Agents and Principals
Article 23
The Freight Forwarder shall not be liable for damage caused by an event constituting force majeure, including, but not limited to, war,
riots, strikes, lockouts, boycotts, work congestion, scarcity of cargo or weather conditions.
Article 24
The Freight Forwarder shall not be liable for damage or loss as a result of theft of goods in his possession, custody or control, unless
the Customer shows that the theft took place as a result of circumstances which the Freight Forwarder, in view of the Contract with
the Customer, should have avoided or which he should have foreseen, provided that the risk of theft is not for the account of the goods
under local regulations or business practice.
Article 25
The Freight Forwarder shall not be liable for any indirect loss or damage, including economic loss or damage, consequential loss or
damage and immaterial loss or damage.
Article 26
The Freight Forwarder shall not be responsible for the lack of or bad result of any instructions to collect money, unless this is proved
to have been caused by gross negligence.
2) Liability of the Freight Forwarder acting as Agent (art. 3.1)
Article 27
The Freight Forwarder shall perform his duties with reasonable care, dedication and perception, and he shall be under a duty of normal
professional performance of the instructions given to him.
Article 28
The Freight Forwarder’s liability shall be limited to that for fault, negligence or omission in the performance of the instructions given
to him.
To the extent that such fault, negligence or omission has caused any direct material damage or financial loss to the Customer or third
parties, the Freight Forwarder shall be entitled to limit his liability to € 5 per kilogramme gross weight of the goods lost or damaged,
with a maximum of € 25,000 per contract.
Article 29
The Freight Forwarder shall not be liable for the performance of any contract entered into by him for and on behalf of his Customer
with third parties, servants or agents, pertaining to storage, transport, customs clearance or the handling of goods, unless it is shown by
the Customer that the defective performance thereof was directly caused by the Freight Forwarder’s fault.
Article 30
The Freight Forwarder does not guarantee any fixed time or date for delivery, dates of arrival and departure, unless otherwise previously
agreed in writing. The indication of a time or date for delivery by the Principal is not binding upon the Freight Forwarder.
3) Liability of the Freight Forwarder acting as Principal (art. 3.2)
Article 31
The Freight Forwarder shall be liable as a carrier in the cases provided for in article 3.2.
His liability shall be determined according to national law and the international conventions applicable to the mode of transport
concerned.
Privilege and Lien
Article 32
Any amounts charged by the Freight Forwarder shall be privileged in accordance with Belgian law and with these Conditions.
Article 33
Any claims of the Freight Forwarder as against his Principal shall be privileged under Article 14 of the Act of 5 May 1872, Article 20,7º
of the Mortgage Act, and Article 136 of the General Customs and Excise Act with regard to all goods, documents or monies currently
or in the future in his possession, custody or control, regardless of the fact whether the claim pertains in whole or in part to the taking
in charge or forwarding of other goods than those in his possession, custody or control.
Article 34
The Freight Forwarder shall have the right to retain the goods and he shall be entitled to sell or dispose of the goods and to apply the
proceeds to his claim in full; they shall also serve as security, regardless of the fact whether the Principal is the owner of the goods.
Insurance
Article 35
The Freight Forwarder may make insurance (AREX 21) available to the Principal upon his request in writing, for any business related
to international carriage at the Freight Forwarder’s risk.
The costs of such insurance shall be borne by the Principal.
Prescription and Extinction of Right
Article 36
The Freight Forwarder must be given notice in writing of any claim for damages as against him, with reasoned grounds, within 14 days
from either the delivery of the goods or the sending of the goods.
Any potential liability of the Freight Forwarder shall be extinguished automatically and definitively when the Customer has retaken delivery
of the documents pertaining to a specific operation within the framework of services after the performance thereof without having formulated
a reasoned reservation not later than on the 10th day after the sending of these documents by the Freight Forwarder.
Article 37
Any liability action against the Freight Forwarder shall be time-barred as a result of prescription if it is not brought in the Court having
jurisdiction within a period of six months.
Prescription shall run from the day following the day on which the goods were delivered or should have been delivered, or, in the absence
of delivery, from the day following the day the event giving rise to the action took place.
Jurisdiction and Administration of Justice
Article 38
Exclusive jurisdiction is deferred to the Courts of the Freight Forwarder’s registered office, which is presumed to be the place of
formation and performance of the Contract, without prejudice to the Freight Forwarder’s right to bring the action before another
Court.
Article 39
Legal and arbitration proceedings against third parties shall not be conducted by the Freight Forwarder unless he agrees to do so at the
Principal’s request and for and on the Principal’s behalf.
Article 40
All legal relations governed by these Conditions shall exclusively be governed by the laws of Belgium.
Entry into force
These Conditions were published in the Supplements to the Belgian Official Gazette (Belgisch Staatsblad – Moniteur belge) of June 24,
2005 under number 0090237 and replace all other General Terms and Conditions of the Belgian Freight Forwarders from the date of
entry into force.